The First of Seven-The Grand Canyon


Cullen Langley, Writer

For the next six weeks I am going to talk about the seven natural wonders of the world. The Seven Wonders of the Natural World include.

  • 1) Rio Harbour – Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • 2) The Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia.
  • 3) Grand Canyon, Arizona, USA.
  • 4) Aurora Borealis, Various.
  • 5) Victoria Falls, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
  • 6) Paricutin, Michoacan, Mexico.
  • 7) Mount Everest, Nepal and China.

The first Natural Wonder, and the one closest to us, is the Grand Canyon. The Grand Canyon is located in Arizona. The canyon is 277 miles long, 6093 feet or 1,857 meters deep, and 18 miles wide and its widest point. The canyon was formed over millions of years by the Colorado River eroding the soil and rock beneath it. While still disagreed upon, scientists believe the Colorado River established its course through the canyon five to six million years ago. Modern humans only evolved from their ancestors around 200,000 years ago. Native Americans, such as the Pueblo, revered the Canyon as a holy site and would make pilgrimages to it. European explorers found the canyon in 1540 on an expedition led by Captain García López de Cárdenas and a group of Spanish soldiers, along with guides from the Hopi Native American group traveled to the south rim of the Grand Canyon. The next recorded Europeans didn’t visit the canyon for another 200 or more years. The next believed explorer was in 1826. His name was James Ohio Pattie and he was with a group of trappers. President Theodore Roosevelt visited the canyon in 1903 and in 1906 Roosevelt, along with his group of fellow conservationists, formed the National Parks Service and established the canyon as a national monument. Eleven years later, on February 26th, the canyon was turned into the 17th park by an Act of Congress signed into law by then President Woodrow Wilson. The canyon is still available to visit today.