February 7th to February 14th is congenital heart defect awareness week. This occurs once every year in the month of February to honor and recognize congenital heart defects. Congenital heart defects are heart defects that people are born with and they usually have some type of effect on them their whole lives. This is also the world’s most common birth defect which impacts 1.35 million infants each year. Which is equivalent to one in every one hundred births a year, and out of those one hundred, one out of four of those cases are critical cases.
A broad description would be when the heart or the heart’s blood vessels are not normally developed at birth. Around twenty-five percent of babies with Congenital Heart Defects have critical cases, which usually require surgery and/or procedures to correct it in their first year of life. The most common congenital heart defect is Ventricular Septal Defect, or also known as VSD. This is when there is a hole between the two lower chambers of the heart. VSD is usually found or diagnosed by hearing a heart murmur.
This week overall is meant to spread information to the world and educate more people about this topic, including what they are and what impacts they have on people and the population itself. If you would like to learn more or find more information on the topic or what some more are you can go to heat.org.